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Nov 21
1877

Thomas Edison announces that he has invented the phonograph, a device which he calls a Talking Machine. (1877)

Nov 21
1904

Jazz tenor saxophone virtuoso Coleman Hawkins is born in St Joseph, Missouri, USA. Hawkins is often said to have been the first great tenor sax player of jazz. (1904)

Nov 21
1907

Samuel Ram is born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Under the name Buck Ram, he will find success as a songwriter, producer and arranger, working with Duke Ellington, Glenn Miller, Ella Fitzgerald and many others, but is perhaps best-remembered for his long association with The Platters. (1907)

Nov 21
1909

Lloyd Glenn is born in San Antonio, Texas, USA. He will become a popular session pianist, working with Kid Ory and Big Joe Turner. Also a fine musical arranger, his solo career will feature several US r?n?b hits in the early 50s. (1909)

Nov 21
1929

Jack Hylton and his Orchestra, record If I Had A Talking Picture Of You, Jollity Fair, Piccolo Pete and On Her Doorstep Last Night, HMV Records in The Queens Small Hall, London, UK. (1929)

Nov 21
1929

Hal Swain And His Band record Recollections, Bunkey Doodle-I-Doh and Underneath The Russian Moon, in London, UK, for Regal Records. (1929)

Nov 21
1934

Aged 17, Ella Fitzgerald makes her singing debut at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York City, USA. (1934)

Nov 21
1934

Benny Carter And His Orchestra play the sixth night of a week of shows at The Apollo Theater, Harlem, New York City, USA. (1934)

Nov 21
1936

Jack Crawford And His Orchestra play in The Cooper Club, Henderson, Texas, USA. (1936)

Nov 21
1937

Eugene Von Grona's American Negro Ballet is premiered the Lafayette Theatre, Harlem, New York City, USA, with dance sequences inspired by the music of Duke Ellington, W.C.Handy, Johann Sebastian Bach and Igor Stravinsky. (1937)

Nov 21
1941

The Andrews Sisters with The Johnny 'Scat' Davis Orchestra opens for a week at The Stanley Theatre, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. (1941)

Nov 21
1944

Frankie Carle plays the last night of a week of shows at the Circle Theatre, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. (1944)

Nov 21
1944

Benny Carter plays the fifth night in a week of shows at the Apollo Theatre, Harlem, New York City, USA. (1944)

Nov 21
1944

Louis Jordan plays the sixth night of a week at The Adams Theatre, Newark, New Jersey, USA. (1944)

Nov 21
1944

Jack Teagarden plays at the Training Centre, BGainbridge, Maryland, USA. (1944)

Nov 21
1947

When Carlo Krahmer's Chicagoans play at the Town Hall, Birmingham, UK, their set is recorded and will be released as the first album on Krahmer's newly-formed Esquire Records, label. (1947)

Nov 21
1951

Jimmy Dorsey And His Orchestra play in Cafe Rouge in the Hotel Statler [aka Hotel Pennsylvania], New York City, USA. (1951)

Nov 21
1958

The Red Garland Trio records Blues For Ann, Basement Blues and other tracks at Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack, New Jersey, USA. (1958)

Nov 21
1958

The Paramount Pictures musical St. Louis Blues is released to cinemas in Finland, Europe, with a cast featuring such jazz, blues and gospel greats as Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald, Cab Calloway, Eartha Kit, Pearl Bailey, Mahalia Jackson and Barney Bigard. (1958)

Nov 21
1959

The Sammy Kaye Orchestra plays at the Chicago Sun-Times Harvest Moon Ball in The Stadium, Chicago, Illinois, USA. (1959)

Nov 21
1959

In Detroit, Michigan, USA, to see The Quincy Jones Band play, Johnnie Ray is arrested after leaving The Brass Rail restaurant, on charges of accosting and soliciting, and spends the night in jail. (1959)

Nov 21
1959

Don't You Know by jazz vocalist Della Reese reaches No1 in the Cashbox US Top 100 singles chart. (1959)

Nov 21
1961

Jazz pianist Phineas Newborn Jr releases the album The Great Jazz Piano of Phineas Newborn Jr, in the USA. (1961)

Nov 21
1962

The Prince Lasha Quintet featuring Sonny Simmons records the album The Cry in Contemporary Records Studio, Los Angeles, California, USA. (1962)

Nov 21
1964

The Coleman Hawkins Quartet appears on the BBC 2 tv jazz series Jazz 625, in the UK. The transmission features a live concert filmed at Wembley Town Hall, London, earlier in the year. (1964)

Nov 21
1964

The Buddy Bair Orchestra plays at The Hotel Peabody, Memphis, Tennessee, USA. (1964)

Nov 21
1967

The Jazz Communicators play the second of six nights at Crawford Grill, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. The band includes Louis Hayes [drums], Freddie Hubbard [trumpet], Joe Henderson [saxophone], Kenny Barron [piano] and Herbie Louis [bass]. (1967)

Nov 21
1967

The Stan Getz Quartet plays at Colston Hall, Bristol, UK. (1967)

Nov 21
1992

Orphy Robinson plays the second of two nights at The Jazz Cafe, Camden Town, London, UK. (1992)

Nov 21
1992

Louisiana Red plays at the Guildhall AC, Gloucester, UK. (1992)

Nov 21
1992

The Ronnie Scott Sextet plays at St. Donat's AC, Llantwit Major, Glamorgan, Wales. (1992)

Nov 21
1992

Jools Holland and his Big Band play at the Grand Theatre, Blackpool, UK. (1992)

Nov 21
2009

During the London Jazz Festival, Cleo Laine, John Dankworth and Friends play at The Royal Festival Hall, and The Tord Gustavsen Ensemble + Jason Yarde And Andrew McCormack play at Queen Elizabeth Hall, London, UK. (2009)

Nov 21
2010

During the The London Jazz Festival, Juliette Greco plays at The Royal Festival Hall, London, UK. (2010)

Nov 21
2012

Shuggie Otis plays at The Jazz Cafe, Camden, London, UK. (2012)

Nov 21
2012

Jazz guitarist Lee Ritenour plays at The Tokyo Jazz Festival, Tokyo, Japan, Asia. (2012)